ORCID Integration Series: CERN

CERN is a hub for all things High-Energy Physics (or HEP for short). Nearly all researchers in the HEP field make CERN their home for all or part of their research careers. Most of these researchers maintain separate university affiliations as well, making the CERN research community a distributed decentralized global network. When we’re designing information services, we have to consider this global family and devise ways for them to keep track of all their research, all in one place, automatically. Fortunately for us, we can take advantage of third party services developed by our partners in THOR in order to add needed functionality in a way that’s consistent, reliable, and shares our Open Science values.

Inspire, the primary database for HEP literature, provides a number of ways for researchers at CERN and abroad to stay on top of what’s happening in their field. Inspire is a literature aggregator, meaning that it harvests metadata from a suite of HEP-relevant journals that users can then search for pertinent literature. This metadata then feeds other services, such as HEPData, the repository for supplementary publication data in HEP, and allows us to automatically generate author profiles. Handling much of this information automatically is a great benefit for our users, and it makes Inspire a rich source for information specific to research in HEP. But this usefulness naturally doesn’t extend to other systems or disciplines. Tapping into the ORCID iD system will let our users be identified in a variety of scholarly systems and will help them link their HEP work to any other area of their research life.

In the Inspire author profiles, we already had a homegrown system for pushing and pulling works information to and from ORCID. For those authors who have associated an ORCID iD with their profile (a process that formerly required manual entry and manual verification), we are able to append works information from Inspire to their ORCID record, and we are able to pull works information from their ORCID record to display on the External works tab in their Inspire profile. We have now extended this functionality with the ability to authenticate through ORCID for other Inspire functions. This authentication is in place for Inspire’s literature and author suggestion functions and for correction of authors. Further modification of Inspire data via ORCID authentication will be rolled out with the new release of Inspire slated for later this year.

This additional functionality is an extension of Inspire’s upgrade to an all-new version of its underlying Invenio platform. The completely overhauled Invenio 3 includes a module for ORCID authentication, making Inspire’s integration painless. And since Invenio is underneath all of CERN’s scientific information systems (Inspire, HEPData, and Zenodo), this means we’re one step closer to an interoperable platform for researcher outputs.

We’ve also implemented ORCID authentication in HEPData. HEPData gathers its bibliographic metadata from Inspire, and Inspire pulls information on data related to publications from HEPData and displays it in the relevant author’s profile. There is already a direct connection to Inspire, so logging in with ORCID isn’t necessary to make this author-publication-data triangle possible. However, users now have the option of logging in with ORCID to access HEPData’s review and submission functions, providing a third party authentication choice that’s compatible with other scholarly systems.

At CERN, we were able to implement ORCID authentication straight out of the box, making it a simple and practical choice to offer our users for unifying and managing their scholarly identification needs.