European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
CERN, “where the web was born”, is the leading High-Energy Physics laboratory. Funded by 21 Member States with a budget of more than €800M/yr, it employs 2,400 permanent staff and hosts over 10,000 HEP scientists from 600 institutes in 113 countries. CERN flagship project, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) produced over 100 Petabytes of data in its first run, allowing the discovery of the Higgs Boson announced in July 2012, celebrated by the award of the Nobel Prize to Peter Higgs and Francois Englert in October 2013. Its ambitious research goals have put CERN at the forefront of e-Infrastructures throughout its history. It has prominently contributed to dozens of EC cofunded Grid projects and operates the largest multi-disciplinary Grid infrastructure in the world.
Open Science is enshrined in the words of the CERN Convention: “… the results of its experimental and theoretical work shall be published or otherwise made generally available”. This vision and IT innovation come together through the development of Invenio, an Open Source digital library platform, which CERN and collaborating partners in Europe, the United States, China and Japan use to power INSPIRE, a one-stop-shop digital library for HEP, serving over 1 million records to 50,000 scientists worldwide, and increasingly hosting additional content, from data to software snippets, facilitating its discoverability and reuse. It is a strategic goal of INSPIRE to encourage the attribution and citation of datasets, code or any other Open Science material. This value chain has already been demonstrated: Open Data underpinning the discovery of the Higgs Boson have a DOI and are attributed to their authors through their ORCID IDs. The Invenio Open source digital library platform also powers Zenodo, which delivers a cornerstone of Open Science for H2020.
CERN is a founding member of ORCID and contributed to several FP7 projects relevant to the topics of this call: The Study of Open Access Publishing (SOAP, coordinator, 230220) charged to study Open Access publishing; PARSE.Insight (223758) aiming to shed light on issues of preservation of data in the light of a pan-European e-Infrastructure for scientific data; ODE (261530, coordinator) which unveiled opportunities for e-infrastructures to enable open data; ODIN (312788) which laid the foundations of interoperability of PIDs in support of Open Science; OpenAIRE (246686) and OpenAIREPlus (283595) powering the EC Open Access infrastructure for publications and data.